Rail Origin Dwell Times

agtransport.usda.gov | Last Updated 22 Aug 2019

Weekly origin dwell time data from the Surface Transportation Board’s (STB) Rail Service Metrics. The STB began collecting service metrics from railroads in October 2014. As part of their submission to STB, railroads provide "weekly average dwell time at origin for loaded unit train shipments sorted by grain, coal, automotive, crude oil, ethanol, and all other unit trains. For the purposes of this data element, dwell time refers to the time period from release of a unit train at origin or interchange location until actual movement by the receiving carrier. The data is to be reported by the receiving carrier."

Tags: rail, dwell, performance, service, metrics

This dataset has the following 7 columns:

Column NameAPI Column NameData TypeDescriptionSample Values
Datedatecalendar_dateWeek ending dates ranging from 10/22/2014 to the present.
WeekweeknumberWeek number calculated from the reported week ending date (Date field). Week 1 is the first week of the year with a week ending date falling on or after January 4. In other words, it is the first reported week of data which includes four days in the new year. Values range from 1 to 52 or 53, depending on the year.
MonthmonthnumberMonth number calculated from the reported week ending date (Date field). Week ending dates falling before the fourth day of the month are assigned to the previous month. For example, a week ending date falling on February 1st, 2nd, or 3rd would correspond to “1” (January), since there are less than four days in the reported week that fall in February. Values range from 1 through 12, where 1 refers to January, 2 to February, etc.
YearyearnumberYear number calculated from the reported week ending date (Date field). Week ending dates falling on or after January 4 correspond to the calendar year of the reported week. Week ending dates falling on or before January 3 correspond to the previous calendar year. For example, a week ending date falling on January 2, 2018 would be “2017.” Values range from 2014 to the present.
RailroadrailroadtextRailroad abbreviation (one of 7 class I railroads).
CommoditycommoditytextRefers to the commodity, including grain, ethanol, automotive, coal, crude oil, and other.
HourshoursnumberOrigin dwell hours.