Vital Signs: Displacement Risk - Bay Area | Last Updated 13 Aug 2019

VITAL SIGNS INDICATOR Displacement Risk (EQ3) FULL MEASURE NAME Share of lower-income households living in tracts at risk of displacement LAST UPDATED December 2018 DESCRIPTION Displacement risk refers to the share of lower-income households living in neighborhoods that have been losing lower-income residents over time, thus earning the designation “at risk”. While “at risk” households may not necessarily be displaced in the short-term or long-term, neighborhoods identified as being “at risk” signify pressure as reflected by the decline in lower-income households (who are presumed to relocate to other more affordable communities). The dataset includes metropolitan area, regional, county and census tract tables. DATA SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau: Decennial Census 1980-1990 Form STF3 U.S. Census Bureau: Decennial Census 2000 Form SF3a U.S. Census Bureau: Decennial Census 1980-2010 Longitudinal Tract Database U.S. Census Bureau: American Community Survey 2010-2015 Form S1901 5-year rolling average U.S. Census Bureau: American Community Survey 2010-2017 Form B19013 5-year rolling average CONTACT INFORMATION METHODOLOGY NOTES (across all datasets for this indicator) Aligning with the approach used for Plan Bay Area 2040, displacement risk is calculated by comparing the analysis year with the most recent year prior to identify census tracts that are losing lower-income households. Historical data is pulled from U.S. Census datasets and aligned with today’s census tract boundaries using crosswalk tables provided by LTDB. Tract data, as well as regional income data, are calculated using 5-year rolling averages for consistency – given that tract data is only available on a 5-year basis. Using household tables by income level, the number of households in each tract falling below the median are summed, which involves summing all brackets below the regional median and then summing a fractional share of the bracket that includes the regional median (assuming a simple linear distribution within that bracket). Once all tracts in a given county or metro area are synced to today’s boundaries, the analysis identifies census tracts of greater than 500 lower-income people (in the prior year) to filter out low-population areas. For those tracts, any net loss between the prior year and the analysis year results in that tract being flagged as being at risk of displacement, and all lower-income households in that tract are flagged. To calculate the share of households at risk, the number of lower-income households living in flagged tracts are summed and divided by the total number of lower-income households living in the larger geography (county or metro). Minor deviations on a year-to-year basis should be taken in context, given that data on the tract level often fluctuates and has a significant margin of error; changes on the county and regional level are more appropriate to consider on an annual basis instead.

This dataset has the following 8 columns:

Column NameAPI Column NameData TypeDescriptionSample Values
LIHH_At_Risklihh_at_risknumberNumber of lower-income households at risk
LIHH_Totallihh_totalnumberTotal number of lower-income households
Displacement_Riskdisplacement_risknumberShare of lower income households at risk