NCHS - Drug Poisoning Mortality by State: United States

data.cdc.gov | Last Updated 16 Jan 2018

This dataset describes drug poisoning deaths at the U.S. and state level by selected demographic characteristics, and includes age-adjusted death rates for drug poisoning from 1999 to 2015. Deaths are classified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD–10). Drug-poisoning deaths are defined as having ICD–10 underlying cause-of-death codes X40–X44 (unintentional), X60–X64 (suicide), X85 (homicide), or Y10–Y14 (undetermined intent). Estimates are based on the National Vital Statistics System multiple cause-of-death mortality files (1). Age-adjusted death rates (deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population for 2000) are calculated using the direct method. Populations used for computing death rates for 2011–2015 are postcensal estimates based on the 2010 U.S. census. Rates for census years are based on populations enumerated in the corresponding censuses. Rates for noncensus years before 2010 are revised using updated intercensal population estimates and may differ from rates previously published. Estimate does not meet standards of reliability or precision. Death rates are flagged as “Unreliable” in the chart when the rate is calculated with a numerator of 20 or less. Death rates for some states and years may be low due to a high number of unresolved pending cases or misclassification of ICD–10 codes for unintentional poisoning as R99, “Other ill-defined and unspecified causes of mortality” (2). For example, this issue is known to affect New Jersey in 2009 and West Virginia in 2005 and 2009 but also may affect other years and other states. Estimates should be interpreted with caution. Smoothed county age-adjusted death rates (deaths per 100,000 population) were obtained according to methods described elsewhere (3–5). Briefly, two-stage hierarchical models were used to generate empirical Bayes estimates of county age-adjusted death rates due to drug poisoning for each year during 1999–2015. These annual county-level estimates “borrow strength” across counties to generate stable estimates of death rates where data are sparse due to small population size (3,5). Estimates are unavailable for Broomfield County, Colo., and Denali County, Alaska, before 2003 (6,7). Additionally, Bedford City, Virginia was added to Bedford County in 2015 and no longer appears in the mortality file in 2015. County boundaries are consistent with the vintage 2005-2007 bridged-race population file geographies (6).

Tags: deaths, drug poisoning, mortality, state, national, united states, nchs

This dataset has the following 18 columns:

Column NameAPI Column NameData TypeSample Values
Yearyearnumber
Sexsextext
Ageagetext
Race and Hispanic Originrace_hispanic_origintext
Statestatetext
Deathsdeathsnumber
Populationpopulationnumber
Crude Death Ratecrude_death_ratenumber
Standard Error for Crude Ratestandard_error_for_crude_ratenumber
Low Confidence Limit for Crude Ratelow_confidence_limit_for_crude_ratenumber
Upper Confidence Limit for Crude Rateupper_confidence_limit_for_crude_ratenumber
Age-adjusted Rateage_adjusted_ratenumber
Standard Error Age-adjusted Ratestandard_error_age_adjusted_ratenumber
Lower Confidence Limit for Age-adjusted ratelower_confidence_limit_for_age_adjusted_ratenumber
Upper Confidence Limit for Age-adjusted Rateupper_confidence_limit_for_age_adjusted_ratenumber
State Crude Rate in Rangestate_crude_rate_in_rangetext
US Crude Rateus_crude_ratenumber
US Age-adjusted Rateus_age_adjusted_ratenumber