Hate Crimes by County and Bias Type: Beginning 2010

data.ny.gov | Last Updated 7 Aug 2018

Under New York State’s Hate Crime Law (Penal Law Article 485), a person commits a hate crime when one of a specified set of offenses is committed targeting a victim because of a perception or belief about their race, color, national origin, ancestry, gender, religion, religious practice, age, disability, or sexual orientation, or when such an act is committed as a result of that type of perception or belief. These types of crimes can target an individual, a group of individuals, or public or private property. DCJS submits hate crime incident data to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. Information collected includes number of victims, number of offenders, type of bias motivation, and type of victim.

Tags: hate crime, public safety, ucr

This dataset has the following 44 columns:

Column NameAPI Column NameData TypeDescriptionSample Values
CountycountytextLocation where the crime was reported.
YearyearnumberYear the crime incident was reported.
Crime Typecrime_typetextCategory of crime defined by the FBI, including Crimes Against Persons (crimes targeting individuals or groups of individuals), and Property Crimes.
Anti-Maleanti_malenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Male bias. Male: An individual that produces small usually motile gametes (as spermatozoa or spermatozoids) which fertilize the egg of a female. (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)
Anti-Femaleanti_femalenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Female bias. Female: An individual of the sex that bears young or produces eggs. (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)
Anti-Transgenderanti_transgendernumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Transgender bias. Transgender: Of or relating to a person who identifies as a different gender from their gender as determined at birth. The person may also identify himself or herself as “transsexual.” A transgender person may outwardly express his or her gender identity all of the time, part of the time, or none of the time; a transgender person may decide to change his or her body to medically conform to his or her gender identity.
Anti-Gender Identity Expressionanti_gender_identity_expressionnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Gender Identity Expression bias. Gender Nonconforming: Describes a person who does not conform to the gender-based expectations of society, e.g., a woman dressed in traditionally male clothing or a man wearing makeup. Note: A gender nonconforming person may or may not be a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender person but may be perceived as such.
Anti-Age*anti_agenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Age bias (60 years old or more). Age (60 years old or more): A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived age of 60 years old or more. The two bias types included under New York State’s Hate Crime Law (Penal Law Article 485) that are not included in the list of federally-defined bias types are noted with an asterisk(*).
Anti-Whiteanti_whitenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-White bias. White: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. This category includes persons from the following nationalities: Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Arab, Moroccan, or Caucasian. (Census)
Anti-Blackanti_blacknumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Black of African American bias. Black or African American: A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. This category includes persons from the following nationalities or groups: African American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian. (Census)
Anti-American Indian/Alaskan Nativeanti_american_indian_alaskan_nativenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-American Indian or Alaskan Native bias. American Indian or Alaska Native: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. This category includes persons from the following tribal affiliations: Navajo, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup’ik, or Central American Indian groups or South American Indian groups. (Census)
Anti-Asiananti_asiannumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Asian bias. Asian: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. This category includes persons from the following nationalities: Asian Indian, Bangledeshi, Bhutanese, Bermese, Cambodian, Chinese Filipino, Hmong, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Laotian, Malaysian, Nepalese, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Taiwanese, Thai, Vietnamese, Other Asian, specified; Other Asian, not specified. (Census)
Anti-Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanderanti_native_hawaiian_pacific_islandernumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander bias. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. This category includes persons from the following nationalities: Fijian, Guamanian or Chamorro, Marshallese, Native Hawaiian, Other Micronesian, Other Pacific Islander, not specified; Other Polynesian, Samoan, Tongan. (Census)
Anti-Multi-Racial Groupsanti_multi_racial_groupsnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Multi-Racial Groups bias. Multiple Races, Group: A group of persons having origins from multiple racial categories.
Anti-Other Raceanti_other_racenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Other Race bias. Other Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry: A person of a different race/ethnicity/ancestry than is otherwise included in this combined category.
Anti-Jewishanti_jewishnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Jewish bias. Jewish (Judaism): A person who identifies himself or herself as a member of the religious and/or ethnic group that descended from the ancient Hebrews and is characterized by belief in one transcendent God who revealed Himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets. Jewish religious practice is based on the Hebrew Scriptures (the “Torah”) and rabbinic laws and customs. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Catholicanti_catholicnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Catholic bias. Catholic: A person who follows the monotheistic religion of Catholic Christianity, especially that of the Roman Catholic Church. Followers of this faith believe the teachings of the Bible, and place emphasis on church traditions, including the historical continuity of the church, the Pope as the head of the church, and the requirement of celibacy of those in the priesthood. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Protestantanti_protestantnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Protestant bias. Protestant: A person who follows the monotheistic religion of Christianity that is not part of Catholic or Eastern Orthodox faith. Members of this faith affirm the Reformation principles of justification by faith alone, the priesthood of all believers, and the primacy of the Bible as the only source of revealed truth. Moreover, believers deny the universal authority of the Pope and some churches are governed by federated councils on the local, national, and international levels. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Islamic (Muslim)anti_islamic_muslimnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Islamic (Muslim) bias. Islamic (Muslim): A person who follows the monotheistic religion of Muslims, which includes belief in Allah as the sole deity and in Muhamad as his prophet. Practitioners of the Islamic faith follow the teachings of the Koran and practice the Five Pillars of Islam: praying, fasting during Ramadan, almsgiving, pilgrimage, and declaration of faith. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Multi-Religious Groupsanti_multi_religious_groupsnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Multi-Religious Groups bias. Multiple Religions, Group: A group of persons demonstrating a commitment or devotion to religious faith or observance based upon multiple faiths.
Anti-Atheism/Agnosticismanti_atheism_agnosticismnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Atheism/Agnosticism bias. Atheist: A person who does not believe in the existence of a deity. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010]) Agnostic: A person who believes that the existence or nature of an ultimate reality, such as a deity, is unknown, and probably unknowable. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Religious Practice Generallyanti_religious_practice_generallynumberCount of incidents with a reported general Anti-Religious Practice bias.
Anti-Other Religionanti_other_religionnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Other Religion bias. Other Religions: A person who follows other non-Christian religions not described above. Examples of these religions include the Baha’I Faith, Jainism, Shintoism, Taoism, Tenrikyo, Wicca, and Zoroastrainism. (Pew Research Center)
Anti-Buddhistanti_buddhistnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Buddhist bias. Buddhist: A person who follows the religion of eastern or central Asia that grew out of the teaching of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, or Enlightened One. People of this faith believe that suffering is inherent in life and that one can be liberated from it by mental and moral self-purification by following the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path in order to reach nirvana. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian, etc.)anti_eastern_orthodox_greek_russian_etcnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian, etc.) bias. Eastern Orthodox (Russian, Greek, Other): A person who follows the monotheistic religion of the Eastern Christian Church. This faith follows the teachings of the Bible and church traditions, accords primacy of honor to the Patriarch of Constantinople as head of the church, and adheres to the decisions of the First Seven Ecumenical Councils and the Byzantine Rite. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Hinduanti_hindunumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Hindu bias. Hindu: A person who observes the traditions and practices of the dominant religion of India, which include acceptance of the sanctity of the Vedas (sacred texts); the understanding of one Divine Reality manifested in multiple forms; acceptance of the laws of karma (principle of cause and effect), dharma (righteous modes of conduct), belief in reincarnation, and the ultimate spiritual goal of enlightenment (moksha). (The Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Jehovahs Witnessanti_jehovahs_witnessnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Jehovah’s Witness bias. Jehovah’s Witness: A person who follows the religion founded by Charles Taze Russell. Members witness by distributing literature and by personal evangelism of beliefs in the theocratic rule of God, the sinfulness of organized religions and governments, and an imminent millennium. The activities of Jehovah’s Witnesses are governed by the Watchtower Society which makes all major decisions, interprets the Bible, and counsels Witnesses using Watchtower materials. Members of the faith are often seen giving generously of their time in proclaiming their faith and teaching in private homes. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Mormonanti_mormonnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Mormon bias. Mormon (Latter-day Saint): A person who follows the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- day Saints tracing its modern origin to Joseph Smith and accepting the Book of Mormon as scripture. Latter-day Saints consider the following writings to be scripture: 1) The Holy Bible; 2) The Book of Mormon, Another Testament of Jesus Christ; 3) The Doctrine and Covenants; and 4) The Pearl of Great Price. Mormons are often associated with members of the faith who serve as full-time volunteer missionaries in the U.S. and abroad. (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Other Christiananti_other_christiannumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Other Christian bias. Other Christian: A person who follows other denominations or nondenominational religions based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ but not described above. Examples of these religions include Metaphysical-Christ Church Unity, Spiritualist, Unity/Unitarianist, Unity Church, Universalist, and Other Metaphysical. (Pew Research Center)
Anti-Sikhanti_sikhnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Sikh bias. Sikh: A person who follows the monotheistic religion founded by Guru Nanak in the Punjab region of South Asia. Sikhs follow the teachings of 10 gurus; study from the religion’s primary sacred text (i.e., the Guru Granth Sahib), and worship in Gurdwaras. Some members of the Sikh faith may be distinguished by the dastaar (Sikh turban) and five religious articles: kesh (unshorn hair, including a beard), kanga (wooden comb), kara (steel bracelet), kachera (short trousers), and kirpan (religious sword). (Merriam- Webster Collegiate Dictionary [Eleventh Edition, 2003]; the Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia Ready Reference [15th Edition, 2010])
Anti-Hispanicanti_hispanicnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Hispanic bias. Hispanic or Latino: A person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. Includes people from Hispanic or Latino groups such as: Dominican Republic; Central American (excludes Mexican)–Costa Rican, Guatemalan, Honduran, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Salvadoran, Other Central American; South America–Argentinian, Bolivian, Chilean, Columbian, Ecuadorian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Uruguayan, Venezuelan, Other South American; Spaniard–All other Hispanic or Latino.
Anti-Arabanti_arabnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Arab bias. Arab: A person having origins, and/or ancestry, in any of the Arabic speaking peoples of Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Comoros, Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, Djibouti, Mauritania, and Somalia.
Anti-Other Ethnicity/National Originanti_other_ethnicity_national_originnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Other Ethnicity/National Origin bias. Other Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry: A person of a different race/ethnicity/ancestry than is otherwise included in this category.
Anti-Non-Hispanic*anti_non_hispanicnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Non-Hispanic bias. Not Hispanic: A person who is not of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. The two bias types included under New York State’s Hate Crime Law (Penal Law Article 485) that are not included in the list of federally-defined bias types are noted with an asterisk(*).
Anti-Gay Maleanti_gay_malenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Male Homosexual (Gay) bias. Gay: Of or relating to men who are physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to people of the same sex. The term “gay” is preferred over the term “homosexual.” While the word gay may also be used to describe women, for FBI UCR Program purposes reporting an anti-gay bias, the victim should be a male.
Anti-Gay Femaleanti_gay_femalenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Female Homosexual (Lesbian) bias. Lesbian: Of or relating to women who are physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to other women. Some lesbian women prefer to be described as gay women; preferred over the term “homosexual;” may be used as a noun.
Anti-Gay (Male and Female)anti_gay_male_and_femalenumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Gay (Male and Female) bias.
Anti-Heterosexualanti_heterosexualnumberCount of crimes with a reported Anti-Heterosexual bias. Heterosexual: Of or relating to people who are physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to people of the opposite sex.
Anti-Bisexualanti_bisexualnumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Bisexual bias. Bisexual: Of or relating to people who are physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to both men and women.
Anti-Physical Disabilityanti_physical_disabilitynumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Physical Disability bias. Physical Disability: Any physical impairment; any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: neurological, musculoskeletal, special sense organs, respiratory (including speech organs), cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genitourinary, hemic and lymphatic, skin, and endocrine. (Americans with Disabilities Act)
Anti-Mental Disabilityanti_mental_disabilitynumberCount of incidents with a reported Anti-Mental Disability bias. Mental Disability: Any mental impairment or psychological disorder such as: organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities. (Americans with Disabilities Act)
Total Incidentstotal_incidentsnumberSum of hate crime incidents reported. Each incident includes a single bias type.
Total Victimstotal_victimsnumberUnique count of victims reported. A victim may be a person, group of persons, business, institution, or society as a whole. More than one victim may be reported per incident.
Total Offenderstotal_offendersnumberUnique count of offenders reported. Reporting on the number of offenders may be incomplete, partly due to the fact that some property crimes do not involve direct contact between the target and offender. More than one offender may be reported per incident.