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- API opendata.maryland.gov | Last Updated 2017-07-13T22:16:12.000Z
This is a MD iMAP hosted service. Find more information at http://imap.maryland.gov. Targeted Ecological Areas (TEAs) are lands and watersheds of high ecological value that have been identified as conservation priorities by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR) for natural resource protection. These areas represent the most ecologically valuable areas in the State: they are the best of the best"". TEAs are preferred for conservation funding through Stateside Program Open Space. This version updates the 2008 TEA layer. The first step in updating TEAs was to create an ecological baseline composed of several ecological databases which included updates of original databases and additional databases developed since 2008.The first component is the updated Green Infrastructure Assessment (circa 2010) which identifies large - contiguous blocks (hubs) of significant forests and wetlands and their connecting corridors. The Green Infrastructure's hub and corridor network of habitat allows plant and animal migration - reduces forest fragmentation if protected - and provides important ecosystem services - such as biodiversity - cleaning air and water - storing nutrients - and protecting areas against storm and flood damage.The rare species and wildlife habitat component identifies areas that support Rare - Threatened - and Endangered Species - rare plant and animal communities - species of Greatest Conservation Need - and wildlife concentrations.The aquatic life hotspots component identifies watersheds supporting freshwater stream ecosystems where conservation is needed to protect and restore areas of high aquatic biodiversity - Tier II regulated streams - and brook trout streams.The water quality protection component identifies sensitive lands such as forests - wetlands - and steep slopes where preservation is important for water quality.The coastal ecosystems component identifies Blue Infrastructure shoreline and watershed protection priorities. These are areas important for sustaining coastal and tidal ecosystems and also identifies land areas important for sustaining spawning and nursery areas for important commercial and recreational fisheries.The climate change adaptation component identifies areas important for sustaining wetlands ecosystems that are changing and moving landward in response to sea level rise.From the ecological baseline - areas that ranked as most important for each of the components were merged to create the Targeted Ecological Areas. Lands that were developed - as identified by the Maryland Department of Planning (2010) were removed from the TEA layer since developed lands are not preferred for Stateside Program Open Space funding. Additionally - lands that are in the 0 foot to 2 foot inundation zone based on the 2011 SLAMM (Maryland Sea-Level Affecting Marshes Model) study performed for all 16 coastal counties and Baltimore City since these areas are not preferred for Stateside Program Open Space funding.Feature Service Link:http://geodata.md.gov/imap/rest/services/Environment/MD_FocalAreas/FeatureServer/1 ADDITIONAL LICENSE TERMS: The Spatial Data and the information therein (collectively the ""Data"") is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind either expressed implied or statutory. The user assumes the entire risk as to quality and performance of the Data. No guarantee of accuracy is granted nor is any responsibility for reliance thereon assumed. In no event shall the State of Maryland be liable for direct indirect incidental consequential or special damages of any kind. The State of Maryland does not accept liability for any damages or misrepresentation caused by inaccuracies in the Data or as a result to changes to the Data nor is there responsibility assumed to maintain the Data in any manner or form. The Data can be freely distributed as long as the metadata entry is not modified or deleted. Any data derived from the Data must acknowledge the State of Maryland in the m
- API data.medicaid.gov | Last Updated 2019-03-08T19:17:22.000Z
Drug utilization data are reported by states for covered outpatient drugs that are paid for by state Medicaid agencies since the start of the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program. The data includes state, drug name, National Drug Code, number of prescriptions and dollars reimbursed. Data descriptions are available on Medicaid.gov: https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/prescription-drugs/state-drug-utilization-data/state-drug-utilization-data-faq/index.html
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2018-07-19T08:54:23.000Z
Pressurized space suits impose high joint torques on the wearer, reducing mobility for upper and lower body motions. Using actual space suits in training or experimentation is problematic due to the expense, bulk, weight, and difficulty in donning/doffing. The goal of this project was to demonstrate a novel method for simulating space suit joint torques, which are non-linear and vary with angular position. We designed a knee joint simulator using McKibben actuators with active control (also known as artificial muscles), which are cylindrical pneumatic actuators constructed of flexible rubber with an inextensible weave that causes the cylinder to contract longitudinally when pressurized. A commercial knee brace was used as an exoskeleton to mount the actuators. One actuator was mounted anterior to the knee to provide resistance to flexion, and a second actuator was mounted posterior to the knee to provide resistance to extension. The active controller read angle input from a potentiometer mounted to the brace and output the appropriate pressures for each actuator to provide the needed torque. The knee joint was installed on MIT's Robotic Space Suit Tester (RSST), a full-sized anthropometric robot equipped with torque and angle sensors on each of the joints. Results from testing indicated that the torque vs. angle relationship achieved using the actively controlled spacesuit joint simulator was qualitatively similar to the non-linear trend observed in prior testing of the EMU on the RSST. We conclude that the use of these actuators potentially results in higher fidelity than passive actuation.
Microbial Observatory (ISS-MO): Draft Genome Sequence of two Aspergillus fumigatus Strains Isolated from the International Space Stationdata.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2018-07-19T07:12:04.000Z
Aspergillus fumigatus is a saprophytic filamentous fungus that is ubiquitous outdoors (soil decaying vegetation) and indoors (hospitals simulated closed habitats etc.). A. fumigatus can adapt to various environmental conditions and form airborne conidia that are the inoculum for a variety of diseases (e.g. non- and invasive pulmonary infections allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis etc.) in immunocompromised hosts. In an on-going Microbial Observatory Experiments on the International Space Station (ISS) molecular phylogeny of several fungal isolates were characterized. Two strains ISSF 21 and IF1SW-F4 were isolated from the HEPA filter and the surface of the Cupola of the ISS respectively. Using primers targeting the internal transcribed spacers ITS1 and 2 both isolates were identified as A. fumigatus. The whole genome sequence analysis of ISSF 21 revealed increased number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) when compared to the reference A. fumigatus 293. Knowing that A. fumigatus is an opportunistic pathogen and microgravity highly influences the antibiotic susceptibility and pathogenicity of microorganisms we examined pathogenicity of both ISS isolates using the zebrafish larval model. The space station isolates (ISSF-021 and IF1SW-F4) were more virulent than two clinical strains (Af293 and CEA10) whose pathogenicity was highly characterized. Here the whole genome sequences of ISSF-021 strain are being deposited.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2018-07-19T11:12:30.000Z
NASA's strategic goals call for innovation in space technology for our nation's explorative future. Early phase paraffin fuel technology could enable practical hybrid motor use by producing high regression rates. Further, the creation of a robust and novel fuel, that overcomes paraffin mechanical property drawbacks, would produce high payoffs. The proposed research specifically will investigate polymer addition to paraffin grains, study the particle entrainment theory, evaluate hydride and metal additives, and demonstrate hypergolic ignition. We hope to find that polymers strengthen the low mechanical properties of paraffin. We will design, build, and demonstrate an experiment in which particle entrainment can be seen and understood. We will evaluate additives to increase performance and facilitate reliable and hypergolic ignition. Outreach to student run clubs and undergraduate engineers will also play an integral role demonstrating the promise of paraffin propellants through sounding rockets. A high performance paraffin based grain is a game-changing technology that could lead to the economical use of hybrid rockets.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2018-07-20T07:00:13.000Z
In this project, the development of a novel panoramic, stereoscopic video system was proposed. The proposed system, which contains no moving parts, uses three-fixed position cameras equipped with NASA's Panoramic Refracting Optic (PRO) to generate stereoscopic images over a hemispherical work area. This system will provide an immersive remote environment for robot operation during space missions, enhancing operator effectiveness. In Phase I, a prototype imager was designed, constructed, and tested. This prototype was used to record stereoscopic images throughout its hemispherical viewing area. These tests demonstrated that the system can generate good stereoscopic views for any chosen viewing direction, thereby proving feasibility. In Phase II we propose to develop an advanced prototype system with an improved optical design that will enhance the system's imaging resolution. We also propose to couple the system with a head-mounted display, equipped with a head-tracking unit, to allow the user to effortlessly view the hemispherical workspace in three dimensions by simply moving his or her head. The Phase II project will therefore substantially increase the level of maturity of the Phase I innovation. The project will culminate in the delivery of the advanced prototype imaging system to NASA.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2018-09-05T23:04:10.000Z
1. Original project aims/objectives: Back pain due to disk-herniation and space-adaptation is a serious concern for the health and wellbeing for astronauts. Current therapeutic drugs and devices to treat space travel related back pain are either systemically and/or cognitively dangerous for mission critical activities, ineffective, and/or non-renewable. The aims of this project were to evaluate long-duration ultrasound therapy as a therapeutic option to non-invasively and non-pharmaceutically effectively treat chronic low-back pain by reducing inflammation, muscle tightness, and modulating neuronal activation at the site of pain. Specifically, the project studied the use of a Food & Drug Administration (FDA)-cleared multi-hour prescription use sustained acoustic medicine device (sam Professional) as a solar-rechargeable therapeutic device to reduce pain, improve range of motion, and increase quality of life for patients with chronic low back pain. Additionally, the project included technology development of other ultrasonic frequencies and device form-factor that could prove useful in the space environment. 2. Key findings: The sam Professional medical device was determined to reduce pain by approximately 2 points on the 0-10 Numeric Rating Scale for patients with moderate to severe low back pain. In 65-subjects meeting study inclusion criteria, back pain was reduced by approximately 30% from baseline when the device was applied 5 times per week over 8 weeks of treatment. Patients in the study reported improved range of motion with less pain, and improved quality of life during daily activities. Analysis of the human subjects' data demonstrated statistically significant (p<0.01) pain reduction for chronic back pain. The multi-hour ultrasound technology was further developed into a coin-sized form factor capable of multi-hour ultrasound delivery, and electronics/transducers were designed and tested for 1 MHz ultrasonic capability. Both clinical and technological project aims and objectives where successfully accomplished. 3. Impact of key findings on hypotheses, technology requirements, objectives and specific aims of the original proposal: The project found that multi-hour daily ultrasound therapy significantly reduced chronic back pain. This clinical study on 55-subjects provides additional clinical efficacy data on managing the symptoms of lower back pain with sam. When combined with other studies on the sam Professional device for back pain (approximately 120 patients in total) the therapeutic intervention is an available non-surgical/non-drug option for back pain patients. The technology is currently available on the US market for prescription use only. Additional electronic testing and validation of the devices would need to be conducted for space deployment. 4. Proposed research plan for the coming year: The project was successfully completed and no additional work is scheduled. The project team anticipates preparation of the key findings for clinical dissemination of the outcome data.
- API data.nasa.gov | Last Updated 2018-07-19T09:19:16.000Z
<p>The objective of this project is the efficient synthesis of high quality boron nitride nanotubes (BNNT’s) using the LaRC radio frequency plasma spray (RFPS) facility. Efficient synthesis implies large quantities via a reliable and readily-scalable process. High quality infers a product of high purity with an abundance of defect-free, small diameter nanotubes.</p> <p>Compared with carbon nanotubes, BNNT's possess better mechanical properties and are thermally stable to much higher temperatures. The potential benefits of BNNT-reinforced structural materials can only be explored if commercial quantities of high purity, low defect BNNT's are available to the aerospace industry. The majority of nanotube production for structural composires is focused on generating 'yarn' for continuous reinforcement of polymer-based matrices. The goal of this effort is to synthesize relatively short 'fibers' for discontinuous reinforcement of metal- or ceramic-based matrices.</p><p>A novel combination of the RFPS process with a chemical reaction chamber for rapid, in-situ synthesis is envisioned. The effort will draw on extensive work performed in Russia during the 1980's (Tumanov, et al.). Their nuclear industry developed 'plasma-chemical synthesis' of nano-sized powders of metal oxides, carbides and nitrides. The lack of consumable electrodes and the confined environment characteristic of RFPS offer big advantages over the DC and atmospheric plasma techniques employed in the prior work. It is anticipated that the approach will yield abundant quantities of high purity nanotubes of the order of 10 microns long. A goal will be to separate single- and multi-walled species during the process.</p><p> </p>
- API opendata.utah.gov | Last Updated 2019-02-11T20:59:10.000Z
School Lunch Program Meals Served By State Totals 2010-2014
- API opendata.utah.gov | Last Updated 2019-02-11T22:17:08.000Z
The following datasets and tables correspond to the data elements reported in the annual Public Library Service – PLS (formerly the Federal State Cooperative System [FSCS] for Public Library Data) survey published by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). These data elements are a sub-set of the “Statistical Annual Report of Public Library Services” survey administered by the Utah State Library Division.